Non-Communicable Diseases (NCD)
Eminence is actively participating in studies related to the epidemiological transition and has conducted a series of research on NCDs. Among them Treatment of Type II Diabetes Mellitus with Indigenous Plants in Bangladesh: An Assessment for the Technical University of Munich in 2009 and Assess the effect of Perindopril on Hypertensive people of Bangladesh for Servier Bangladesh Operation in 2004 are noteworthy. Since in Bangladesh, among the urban population the proportion of hypertension is on the rise, Eminence NCD unit initiated a qualitative study to assess perception on salt intake among the urban population residing in Eminence urban surveillance area. A team of nutritionists and anthropologists has already conducted the study through focus group discussions and key informants interviews.
In the communicable disease arena, HIV/AIDS has been the focus of Eminence’s research activities. It has been supported by the WHO to conduct a Need Assessment of Voluntary Counseling and Testing (VCT) Services of HIV/AIDS in Bangladesh in 2010. In 2011, Eminence started working on another Operational Research on the Wives of International Migrant Workers of Bangladesh about their Knowledge, Attitude and Practice (KAP) on HIV/AIDS.
Maternal and Child Health (MCH)
Eminence is implementing operational research titled ‘Improving the IYCF through Strengthening the Capacity of Community Volunteers and Traditional Birth Attendants,’ in three Upazilas of Panchagarh District, supported by Alive and Thrive Small Grant Program. Moreover, an innovative study approach has been applied in the ‘Mystery Shopper’–a study to evaluate the Smiling Sun Franchise Program (SSFP) for Chemonics International. Other studies in MCH include the Evaluation of nutrition and child Development Program (NCDP) for Save the Children (USA) and Health Seeking Behavior and Psycho-social Aspect of Disabled Children in Bangladesh for Save the Children (Norway).
Sexual and Reproductive Health (SRH)
According to the WHO, “Reproductive and sexual ill-health accounts for 20% of the global burden of ill-health for women, and 14% for men.” Reproductive health implies that people are able to have a responsible, satisfying and safe sex life and that they have the capability to reproduce and the freedom to decide if, when and how often to do so (World Health Organization). The research activities of Eminence in SRH seeks to explore if the right of men and women to be informed of and to have access to safe, effective, affordable and acceptable methods of fertility regulation of their choice, and the right of access to appropriate health care services that will enable women to go safely through pregnancy and childbirth and provide couples with the best chance of having a healthy infant is met by the service providers or not. As of now, we have conducted Exit Interview Data Validation Survey, End of Project Evaluation Study of EC co-financing project, Qualitative Assessment of Client Satisfaction on Sexual and Reproductive Health Services, Baseline survey of EC co-financing project on sexual and reproductive health and Evaluation survey of Block Grant Project for Marie Stopes Clinic Society. Besides an Evaluation Study of Blue Star program for Social Marketing Company was also undertaken.
The health of the rapidly growing urban population is a center of attention in the new millennium as the rate of urbanization in Bangladesh has taken a big leap from 2.46% in 1901 to 23.15% in 2001. Eminence seeks to explore the key areas of concern in urban health and concentrates on the potential problems in health service delivery and health equity that stem from the urban population growth. Rapid assessment of Water and Sanitation for Urban Poor (WSUP) study for CARE Bangladesh and Data analysis and report writing on the baseline survey of MSB-Plan urban health project for Marie Stopes Clinic Society are among major research assignments by Eminence in these areas.
Nutrition and Food Security
Eminence is closely working with the government and the development agencies to identify the situation and gaps in the nutritional status of the people of the country. It covers four main areas for nutritional assessments: IYCF, Adolescent and Maternal Nutrition, Adult Nutrition, and Emergency Nutrition. We have gained considerable experience in nutrition research in the country. A case study of Bangladesh on food and nutrition security has been conducted by Eminence in partnership with Action Contre la Faim (ACF), Mission in Bangladesh, and BCAS. Moreover, a project had been developed by ACF to contribute to improving the nutritional status of children <2 in three northern districts (Kurigram, Lalmonirhat, and Nilphamari) of Bangladesh. The objective was to strengthen the capacity and skills of field staff on BCC methods, so they can identify the reasons for inaccurate and harmful behavior hence advocating for positive behavior changes on IYCF and CP. Eminence has conducted a KAP survey on IYCF among the beneficiaries in the targeted areas as well as local level field staff. Moreover, we have assessed the current practices amongst beneficiaries and also hardship faced by the staff during implementing the program previously. A Rapid Nutritional Assessment of Rat Infested Chittagong Hill Tracts Areas (Save the Children UK), Post Disaster Food Security and Nutritional Status of Children Aged Under Five Children (Plan Bangladesh), Follow-up Study of Iron & Folate Supplementation for Adolescent Girls to reduce Anemia program for (The Micronutrient Initiative), End line evaluation of Iron & Folate Supplementation for Adolescent Girls to reduce Anemia program (The Micronutrient Initiative), End line Evaluation on Knowledge Practice and Coverage of Urban Nutrition and Household Food Security Program (Concern Worldwide Bangladesh), Midterm Survey of Integrated Nutrition Project (INP) (Plan Bangladesh), Monitoring and evaluation of Iron & Folate Supplementation for Adolescent Girls to reduce Anemia program (The Micronutrient Initiative), Research study on Determinant of Exclusive Breastfeeding in Bangladesh (BBF and NNP) and Baseline Survey of Integrated Nutrition Project (INP) (Plan Bangladesh) are the major research works by Eminence in the field of nutrition and food security.
Poverty and Livelihood
Nearly half of the population of Bangladesh still lives below the poverty line—as measured by income, consumption, and ability to meet basic human needs—making Bangladesh one of the poorest countries in the world. Investigating participation, social inclusion, and empowerment to attain the vision for poverty reduction strategy is one of the major areas of Eminence’s research in poverty and livelihood. Its young and energetic researchers travel through the country to find out the poverty situation and its relation to other important development indicators. Prospective Effect of WTO on Access to Drugs for Poor People in Bangladesh for Action-Aid Bangladesh and Expectation of Clients for Health Housing System in Bangladesh are among the major research work in poverty and livelihood.
Eminence believes that the foundation of a nation is built mainly on two pillars: health and education. Improving these two indicators will determine the level of development goal a nation can achieve. Therefore, we are enriching our expertise and experience in educational research. So far, a Baseline Survey of Competitive Literacy Initiative Project for Care Bangladesh was carried out by Eminence. Moreover, we are evaluating a community-based Early Childhood Development (ECD) project in several slums of Dhaka city.
Environment and Climate Change
Water and sanitation, disaster, environmental protection, and climate change encompass a major thematic area of Eminence. Eminence’s recent research work in this area includes Learning and Innovations in Promoting Hygiene, Water Supply and Sanitation among the Poor and the Poorest in Bangladesh for National Institute of Local Government (NILG), Baseline Study on the Situation of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene in Selected Tea- Gardens in Sylhet for WaterAid Bangladesh. In 2006, an Evaluation of the Arsenic Mitigation Program for VARC was conducted by Eminence with financial support from WaterAid. Eminence has also assessed Response of Local government Institutions (LGIs)/Public Service Delivery Institutions (PSDIs) in Response to the Community Demand Creation, evaluation of Community Perspectives on Water and Sanitation towards ‘Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) for Concern Universal Bangladesh, Scoping Study of Water and Sanitation for Urban Poor (WSUP) for CARE Bangladesh and Evaluation of Arsenic Mitigation Program for VARC funded by WaterAid.
The World Bank defines governance as the exercise of political authority and the use of institutional resources to manage society’s problems and affairs. What Eminence does to study in governance is to investigate the use of institutions, structures of authority in the realm of the country’s overall development. Determinants of Patients Provider Interfacing, For Directorate General of Health Services, MoHFW, Governance Assessment of the GFATM Partners for Save the Children USA, Quality of Services for ESD Services for James P Grant School of Public Health and BRAC University, Assessment of Response of Local government Institutions (LGIs)/Public Service Delivery Institutions (PSDIs) in Response to the Community Demand Creation for WaterAid Bangladesh are among the important research activities that Eminence have undertaken so far. We have also conducted Health Mapping of Bangladesh with support from Action-Aid Bangladesh and a Health Need Assessment of Garments Workers in Bangladesh.